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Cement Contractor provides cement and concrete services for all of Southern California. Please feel free to contact us about any of our services with any questions you may have.
- Concrete Slabs - Foundations - Pads
- New Concrete
- Remove & Replace Concrete
- Water Flow Design - Flowlines
- Structural Concrete
- Stamp - Colored Concrete
- Concrete Staining - Sealing
- Curb and Gutter - All Curbing
- Concrete curbs for landscaping
Concrete Foundation (s): The general rule for concrete foundation contractors is the colder the climate the deeper the foundation to defend against frost heave. Conversely, in warm climates you can pour the foundation right on the finished grade, called a “slab on grade.”
Weather Permitting, most of the concrete foundations you’ll find in southern California are slab on grade. Slab on grade foundations are formed and poured right on the finished grade. When the concrete is poured it is poured all at once. This is called a monolithic pour. Slab on grade foundations are cheap to construct. Less labor and equipment is needed because the contractor doesn’t have to do any extensive excavating or construction of basement walls. Less material is used because the foundation is not being poured as deep.
After the contractor sets the forms for the foundation the grade is prepped. Shallow footings are dug or the grade is finished so when concrete is poured the outer edges will be thicker then the middle of the foundation. Next the contractor will lay the reinforcement steel and tie it in place. Finally the concrete is poured and finished with the proper finishing techniques.
Weather is not the only factor that determines the type of foundation that is needed. On uneven grades, like hillsides, the construction of a crawl space or raised foundation is unavoidable. The size, use and location of the building will also determine the correct type of foundation needed. Larger buildings, like high rises call for deeper footings, a thicker foundation and extra reinforcement to support the heavier load. The need for below ground parking garages or basements will also call for an alternative foundation.
Concrete Pads: A concrete pad often refers to a concrete slab that is made to support something other then a building. There are endless uses for concrete pads. Mobile homes, utility poles, RV parking, patios, spas are all loads that concrete pads will support. Concrete pads are formed and poured very similarly to slab on grade foundations. Depending on the size and weight of the load they will be bearing, the thickness, depth of the footings, and the need for steel reinforcement will vary.
Generally when people think of concrete they picture the standard grey city sidewalks. It may surprise people that many of the beautiful stone pool decks or cobble stone walkways are actually stamped concrete. Concrete can be textured, stained, stamped or stenciled to transform into any desired surface. Read below to learn about the process and the benefits of beautifying with stamped concrete.
Stamped Concrete: Concrete stamps are used to set a pattern into concrete that resembles a decorative surface. Patterns that resemble brick, cobble stone or granite are easily replicated using this cost efficient process. The concrete stamps are manually applied after the concrete has been properly finished. The same few stamps are used, alternating one in front of the other. As one stamp is laid and tamped down lightly another is carefully removed to be re-laid. The difference in material cost is the major reason stamped concrete is cheaper. Natural materials such as marble or granite are costly. These materials also lack in versatility. Concrete is easier to customize. The design options are nearly endless.
Stamped concrete is often colored or stained to achieve the final look. Colored concrete or concrete stains are mixed to create the color and shade. Whether it’s colored a deep red to resemble brick or speckled and shaded to look like granite concrete can be transformed to look like anything. Concrete can also be polished and stained to resemble flooring such as marble or travertine. Adding color to concrete is a fairly straight forward process. The color can be mixed in with the concrete before it is poured or applied after the concrete is finished.
Curb and the gutter are almost always poured as one piece called the combination curb and gutter. Combination curb and gutter is a functioning part of the sewer system for storm water runoff. City streets are crowned in the middle and sloped on either side to allow for storm water to run off to the sides. The curb and gutter is constructed to catch the water and divert the flow to the nearest drain inlet. The combination curb and gutter is formed and poured in a monolithic pour. After the forms are removed the concrete is finished. The top of the curb face is rounded and finished with an edging tool. Expansion joints are constructed at specified intervals along the curb, and where the curb meets edges of drains or other concrete surfaces. The curb top and the face of the curb is brush finished with the lines parallel to the street.
There are many different types of curb faces. Each type has a different exposure of the curb face. The purpose and location of the curb will determine the type of curb face used.
Mountable curbs are more often used on private roads and driveways. They have a rounded curb face, designed to allow for cars to drive over them if need be.
A barrier curb is the most common type of curb face seen on city streets. This type of curb is angled at 90 degrees from the gutter. With the curb face nearly vertical from the street it functions as a barrier between cars and pedestrians.
Landscape curbing provides a much different function then combination curb and gutter.
Landscape Curbing enhances the appearance of landscaping by giving structural design and decorative borders to planters and walkways. Landscaping is the first thing you notice about a building. It is used to make the façade of a building more attractive and approachable. There is no limit to the varieties and combination of landscape designs. See decorative concrete to learn the more creative ways to customize your concrete.